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Kelionės patarimų ir įspėjimų Lisabona
||Portuguese dining rituals tend to follow the Mediterranean siesta body clock.
Most restaurants are very small, family run and generally cheap. Some of them have a sheet on the door with the "pratos do dia" (dishes of the day) written on it. These dishes are usually cheaper and fresher than the rest of menu there, and unless you're looking for something specific, they're the right choice.
During the dinner the waiter will probably bring you some unrequested starter dishes (called couvert): as those are not free, feel free not to touch them and they will not be charged on your bill (but check it!).
||The capital of Portugal, Lisbon (Portuguese: Lisboa) has experienced a renaissance in recent years, with a contemporary culture that is alive and thriving and making its mark in today's Europe. Perched on the edge of the Atlantic Ocean, Lisbon is one of the rare Western European cities that face the ocean and uses water as an element that defines the city. Lisbon enchants travelers with its white bleached limestone buildings, intimate alleyways, and an easy going charm that makes it a popular year round destination.
||Lisbon enjoys a Subtropical-Mediterranean climate, with mild winters and very warm summers. Strongly influenced by the Gulf Stream it is one of the mildest climates in Europe. Among all the metropolises in Europe, here are the warmest winters on the continent, with average temperatures above 15. 2 °C (59. 4 °F) during the day and 8. 9 °C (48. 0 °F) at night in the period from December to February. Snow and frost are unknown. The typical summer's season lasts about 6 months, from May to October, with an average temperature of 25 °C (77 °F) during the day and 16. 2 °C (61. 2 °F) at night, although also in November, March and April sometimes there are temperature above 20 °C (68. 0 °F) with an average temperature of 18. 5 °C (65 °F) during the day and 11. 2 °C (52. 2 °F) at night. Rain occurs mainly in winter, the summer is very dry.
Lisbon is very close to the ocean and that brings windy and fast-changing weather, so you'd better bring a jacket or an umbrella with you, at least in winter, spring and autumn.
||Castelo de São Jorge (St. George's Castle), (Walk up the hill from Alfama or take bus 37), ☎ +351 218 800 620, 9AM - 9PM (March - Oct) and 9AM-6PM (Nov-Feb). Located up the hill, with a great view over the city and the river. If you have the energy, get there by walking from downtown, going through the fantastic old neighborhood of Alfama. €7 with student discount available. edit
Ponte 25 de Abril. This sister bridge of the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge was designed by the same architect in 1966 to connect Lisbon with the Setubal peninsula across the Tagus (Tejo) River. Formerly known as the Salazar Bridge, it was renamed after the Carnation Revolution, which on April 25, 1974 ended the dictatorship! edit
Ponte Vasco da Gama. It is the longest bridge in Europe (including viaducts), and ninth longest in the world, with a total length of 17. 2 km (10. 7 mi), including 0. 829 km (0. 5 mi) for the main bridge, 11. 5 km (7. 1 mi) in viaducts, and 4. 8 km (3. 0 mi) in dedicated access roads. edit
Straipsnis iš Vikipedijos apie Lisabona
Lisabona – Portugalijos sostinė ir didžiausias miestas bei uostas. Su priemiesčiais ~2, 7 mln. gyventojų. Išsidėsčiusi prie Težo upės žiočių. Didelis Portugalijos transporto centras. Jūrų uosto apyvarta siekia 15 mln. tonų per metus. Yra tarptautinis oro uostas. Du tiltai per Težo upę, jungiantys Lisaboną ir pietų Portugaliją. Yra metropolitenas. Stipri pramonė.
Lisabonoje įsikūrusi mokslų akademija, veikia keturi valstybiniai universitetai, daug muziejų (archeologijos, etnografijos, religinio meno, senovės meno, šiuolaikinio meno; nacionalinė biblioteka, planetariumas, okeanariumas, zoologijos sodas. Plėtojamas turizmas.
2007 m. Portugalijai pirmininkaujant Europos Sąjungai Lisabonoje pasirašyta Lisabonos sutartis.
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